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Mastering the Art of Crafting French Baguettes

Are you ready to embark on a culinary journey that will transport your taste buds to the streets of Paris? Say au revoir to store-bought baguettes and bonjour to the joy of creating your own French masterpiece. In this detailed guide, we’ll walk you through the history, tools, ingredients, and step-by-step process of making the perfect French baguette. So, roll up your sleeves and let’s get baking!

History and Origins

The French baguette, an iconic symbol of French cuisine, has a rich history dating back to the early 20th century. Originally known as “pain viennois,” this elongated bread became popular in Paris as a convenient option for busy city dwellers. Today, the baguette is a staple in French households and an internationally beloved delicacy.

Tools, People, and Time


  • Mixing bowl
  • Flour
  • Warm water
  • Fresh yeast
  • Salt
  • Baking dish
  • Cloth
  • Plastic wrap
  • Oven

Number of People:

This recipe is perfect for solo bakers or a team effort with friends or family. Get everyone involved for a fun baking experience.

Cooking Time:

Plan for about 2 hours of preparation and resting time, followed by 25 minutes of baking. Patience is key to achieving the perfect baguette.

Ingredients and Replacements

  • 500g strong flour
  • 300ml warm water
  • 15g fresh yeast
  • 10g salt

Possible Replacements:

  • Flour: If you’re out of strong flour, all-purpose flour can be a suitable substitute.
  • Yeast: In the absence of fresh yeast, opt for dry yeast, adjusting the quantity to match the conversion.
  • Salt: Sea salt or kosher salt can replace regular salt, providing a nuanced flavor.


1. Mixing the Dough

Begin by dissolving fresh yeast in warm water. Add flour and salt, stirring until a cohesive dough forms.

2. Kneading

Transfer the dough onto a floured surface and knead for 5 minutes until it becomes smooth and elastic.

3. Rising Time

Place the dough in a greased bowl, cover with plastic wrap, and let it rest in a warm spot for 2 hours or until it doubles in volume.

4. Shaping the Baguettes

Degas the dough, divide it into three equal parts, and shape them into balls. Stretch one ball into a rectangular shape, roll it into a baguette, and press the ends.

5. Final Rise

Place the baguettes on a floured cloth, making folds on both sides to maintain their shape. Let them rest for 40 minutes.

6. Baking

Carefully transfer each baguette to a baking dish, make three cuts on top, and bake in a preheated oven at 240 ºC for 25 minutes until golden.

7. Cooling

Once out of the oven, let the baguettes cool on a rack. The aroma of freshly baked French baguettes will fill your kitchen.

Top 4 Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

1. Tough Dough

Mistake: Over-kneading the dough. Avoid: Knead just until the dough is smooth to prevent toughness.

2. Deflated Baguettes

Mistake: Skipping the degassing step. Avoid: Degassing helps maintain the baguettes’ structure, so don’t skip this crucial step.

3. Uneven Shape

Mistake: Inconsistent rolling and shaping. Avoid: Pay attention to shaping each baguette evenly for a professional appearance.

4. Underbaked Baguettes

Mistake: Not baking at the recommended temperature. Avoid: Ensure your oven is preheated and at the right temperature to achieve that golden crust.

FAQ for 5 Questions

1. Can I use all-purpose flour instead of strong flour?

Absolutely! All-purpose flour is a suitable replacement.

2. What can I use if I don’t have fresh yeast?

Dry yeast can be substituted, adjusting the quantity accordingly.

3. Can I use a different type of salt?

Yes, sea salt or kosher salt can provide a different flavor profile.

4. Why do I need to degas the dough?

Degas the dough to eliminate excess air, preventing deflated baguettes.

5. How do I know when the baguettes are done?

Look for a golden-brown crust and tap the bottom; it should sound hollow.


Congratulations, you’ve mastered the art of crafting authentic French baguettes! From understanding the history to avoiding common mistakes, you’re now equipped to create these delightful loaves in your own kitchen. Share the joy of homemade baguettes with friends and family, and let the aroma of Parisian baking fill your home. Happy baking!

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